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Thursday, Sep. 27, 2012

China white paper specifies alleged Senkaku violations


BEIJING — China has issued a white paper on the Senkaku Island dispute, denouncing Japan's nationalization of the islets as seriously damaging bilateral relations in what it called a challenge to the outcome of the Allied victory in World War II.

The action is part of China's measures to strengthen its claim over the five islets in the East China Sea it calls Diaoyu.

The central government's purchase of three of the islets, announced Sept. 11, "grossly violates China's territorial sovereignty and seriously tramples on historical facts and international jurisprudence," the paper, "Diaoyu Dao (Island), an Inherent Territory of China," says.

The paper, released Tuesday via the Xinhua news agency and published by the State Council Information Office, accuses Japan of taking "unilateral measures" over the islets.

When Japan and China normalized relations in 1972, the leaders of the two countries, "acting in the larger interest of China-Japan relations, reached important understanding and consensus on 'leaving the issue of Diaoyu Dao to be resolved later,' " the paper says.

The paper says even though the Qing Dynasty ceded Taiwan and the Senkaku Islands to Japan following its defeat in the Sino-Japanese War, Japan's "occupation" of the Senkakus during the war in 1895 is "illegal and invalid."

"After World War II, Diaoyu Dao was returned to China in accordance with such international legal documents as the Cairo Declaration and the Potsdam Proclamation," it says.

The paper says the United States "arbitrarily included Diaoyu Dao under its trusteeship in the 1950s and 'returned' the 'power of administration' over Diaoyu Dao to Japan in the 1970s," which it calls "illegal and invalid."

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