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Sunday, June 29, 2008
In the wake of Hokusai
By EDAN CORKILL
From behind his shaggy beard, affable British-born Canadian woodblock printmaker David Bull ended our interview at his studio in western Tokyo with what sounded like a challenge.
The Japanese-language media, he said, "would never write about the stuff I've told you today. Never. No way. They find words in the middle of what I've said to write the story that they wanted — that's what journalists do."
"Could The Japan Times do any better?" he seemed to be asking. Could we portray this present-day successor to those printmakers of the Edo Period (1603-1867) who made ukiyo-e ("floating world") artists such as Hiroshige and Hokusai famous, without resorting to convenient preconceptions?
Well, here goes.
Preconception No. 1: David Bull mastered woodblock printmaking through years of patient study under a wise old sensei (teacher).
Bull: "Sitting at the feet of the master. No way! I'm as good as any guy. I'm not as experienced yet, but I'm as good as you are."
Bull's distaste for the traditional Japanese master-apprentice system — all-pervasive in the arts or almost any field of endeavor — does not mean he is a rogue. Woodblock printmaking, he explained, is different from other Japanese art forms because it has no master-apprentice system.
"There's no masters, no apprentices, no schools, no nothing. You know why? Because we make porn!" he said, before reminding me of the erotic shunga prints of the Edo Period.
Bull first encountered woodblock prints at an exhibition in around 1980 in Toronto, where he was managing a music store. Blown away by their "sculptural" quality (the way ridges and depressions are left in the paper after it has been printed on the wooden blocks), he set about experimenting with the technique himself.
Despite having had no formal art education, by 1986 Bull had become sufficiently hooked to relocate his family — Japanese wife and two young daughters — so he could study woodblock printmaking at source. Once in Japan and living outside Tokyo, he set up an English school in his house and practiced carving blocks and printing reproductions of famous prints in his spare time.
It took about a year before he decided he had a work worth showing to a native printmaker.
"I went to this demonstration and showed one of my prints to the printer. He was like, 'Where did you get this?' I said, I made it myself, and he was like, 'Ha, ha, ha. No, where did you get it?' "
Bull eventually got to know the printer and on a number of occasions received advice. But he was never an apprentice.
Preconception No. 2: Ukiyo-e is a dying art form and David Bull is valiantly preserving it.
Bull: "I'm not preserving a tradition. To try to preserve it artificially is meaningless, counterproductive, a waste of money, whatever."
What he does do is enjoy making woodblock prints — and he does it skillfully enough that people want to buy them. Since 1991, in fact, he has made a living from selling his prints to subscribers, and 75 people have so far subscribed to his current series of 12 original prints.
Bull compares it to classical music: "We still like playing Mozart symphonies. Do we do it because it's tradition? No. (It's) because guys like playing Mozart and people like listening to Mozart."
Last but not least is preconception No. 3, which is one that many foreigners are prone to have about the Japanese: Any foreign craftsman — even one as talented as David Bull — will never be fully admitted to the inner sanctum of native practitioners.
Bull himself suspected this was the case, recalling his own admission into the official woodblock printmakers association (Tokyo Mokuhanga Kogei Kumiai): "I thought at first that they were going to be secretive and I'd better not push. They might be antiforeign. But they were really open. 'Come on in!' they said. 'Me?' I asked, and they were like, 'Yeah, whatever, join the group!' "