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Sunday, Sept. 2, 2001

What's off the menu?

Compiled by YOKO HANI Staff writer Types of vegetarian and definitions, according to the British-based International Vegetarian Union

Vegan: Excludes from the diet all animal flesh (red meat, poultry, fish and seafood), animal products (eggs and dairy) and the wearing or use of animal-derived products (leather, silk, wool, lanolin, gelatin, etc.) The major vegan societies also disallow honey, but some people who regard themselves as vegans still use it. Some also refuse to eat yeast products.

Dietary vegan: Follows a vegan diet, but doesn't necessarily exclude nonfood uses of animals.

Ovo-lacto vegetarian: A dietary vegan who will eat eggs and milk products. This is the most common form of vegetarianism.

Lacto vegetarian: A dietary vegan who will consume milk products.

Pescatarian: Similar to vegetarian but also consumes fish. (Often a person avoiding factory-farming techniques.)

Fruitarian: A dietary vegan who only eats foods that don't kill the plant -- eating apples is acceptable, for example, but eating carrots is not.

Who's who

Many famous people, past and present, are listed as vegetarians by the IVU and the Japan Vegetarian Society, although their chosen style is not specified.

Veggies past: Pythagoras (ca. 580-500 B.C.), Plato (ca. 429-347 B.C.), St. Francis of Assisi (1181-1226), Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Henry David Thoreau (1817-62), Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

Sports veggies: Hank Aaron (baseball), Christine Evert (tennis), Martina Navratilova (tennis)

Veggie celebrities: Bryan Adams, Damon Albarn, Drew Barrymore, Penelope Cruz, David Duchovny, Bob Dylan, Michael J. Fox, Jennie Garth, George Harrison, Michael Jackson, k.d. Lang, Bob Marley, Paul McCartney, Moby, Morrissey, Joaquin Phoenix, Natalie Portman, Ringo Starr, Eric Stoltz, Liv Tyler, Henry Rollins

Famous veggies in Japan: Kenji Miyazawa (1896-1933), a devout Buddhist, agriculture specialist, poet and author; Kotaro Yamamoto, folk singer and professor of sociology at Hakuo University in Tochigi Prefecture; Iruka, folk singer

Quoth the veggie

There are many reasons for becoming vegetarian -- here are a few, from Victor Parachin's "365 Good Reasons to be a Vegetarian":

* "A man can live and be healthy without killing animals for food; therefore if he eats meat he participates in taking animal life merely for the sake of his appetite." -- Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), Russian novelist

* "Now I can look at you in peace; I don't eat you anymore." -- Franz Kafka (1883-1924), Austrian-Czech writer

* "I have from an early age abjured the use of meat, and the time will come when men such as I look upon the murder of animals as they look now upon the murder of men." -- Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Italian painter and scientist

* "There is no fundamental difference between man and the higher animals in their mental faculties . . . The lower animals, like man, manifestly feel pleasure and pain, happiness and misery." -- Charles Darwin (1809-1882), English naturalist

Compiled by Yoko Hani

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